Images Types for Your Website
Ever wonder what the difference is between image file types and when you should use them? When you're building a website, certain types of images will display better in specific formats.
Three of the most commonly used image file extensions are .gif, .png and .jpg.
GIF (graphics interchange format) images are limited to 256 colours, meaning they are not great for images with gradients. These images are lossless (no data is lost) when compressed for storage and are best for line drawings, text or icons with a small file size. GIFs can support movement within the image and are good to use for web images.
PNG (portable network graphic) is another lossless compression file format, but is NOT limited to 256 colours. PNG can also support transparent elements, like a transparent background, but does not support movement. These images are best used for the web.
JPG (joint photographic experts group, also seen as .jpeg) is a lossy (meaning unnecessary information will be discarded on compression) compression file format. These images tend to be larger but stored (compressed) as smaller file sizes and can support an array/gradient of colours. They are best used for realistic images like photographs on the web.
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